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RCDC

Estimates of Funding for Various Research, Condition, and Disease Categories (RCDC)


Table Published: February 10, 2016

The table below displays the annual support level for various research, condition, and disease categories based on grants, contracts, and other funding mechanisms used across the National Institutes of Health (NIH), as well as disease burden data published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) at the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC).

At the request of Congress, the NIH embarked on a process to provide better consistency and transparency in the reporting of its funded research. This new process, implemented in 2008 through the Research, Condition, and Disease Categorization (RCDC) system, uses sophisticated text data mining (categorizing and clustering using words and multiword phrases) in conjunction with NIH-wide definitions used to match projects to categories. RCDC use of data mining improves consistency and eliminates the wide variability in defining the research categories reported. The definitions are a list of terms and concepts selected by NIH scientific experts to define a research category. The research category levels represent the NIH’s best estimates based on the category definitions.

In 2016, the NIH added mortality and prevalence data from two sources of consistent and nationally-representative disease statistics provided by NCHS/CDC. These data are reported alongside the budgeting categories to provide the public and policymakers with information that is helpful for understanding the NIH research portfolio and its relationship to public health needs. However, NIH believes that the best way to understand disease burdens is by examining patterns in the larger context of multiple methods and measurements, chosen on a case-by-case basis as appropriate for each disease or condition. Further descriptions of these disease statistics can be found here.

The NIH does not expressly budget by category. The annual estimates reflect amounts that change as a result of science, actual research projects funded, and the NIH budget. The research categories are not mutually exclusive. Individual research projects can be included in multiple categories so amounts depicted within each column of this table do not add up to 100 percent of NIH-funded research.



The table shows historical data for FY 2012 through FY 2015. The FY 2016-2017 estimates are based on RCDC actual data.


Total Number of Research/Disease Areas: 265

Click here for instructions on how to use the data table below.

Search Research/ Disease Areas
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Research/Disease Areas
(Dollars in millions and rounded)
FY 2012ActualFY 2013ActualFY 2014ActualFY 2015ActualFY 2016EstimatedFY 2017Estimated2014
US Mortality
19/
2014
US Prevalence (Standard Error) 19/
Acquired Cognitive Impairment + + + $798 $832 $832 - -
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome $98 $95 $85 $108 $112 $112 10,709 -
Adolescent Sexual Activity $76 $70 $68 $85 $88 $88 - -
Agent Orange & Dioxin $8 $10 $8 $9 $9 $9 - -
Aging $2,593 $2,429 $2,556 $2,698 $2,807 $2,807 - -
Alcoholism, Alcohol Use and Health 1/ $455 $437 $475 $473 $494 $494 60,442 -
Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) $7 $9 $6 $5 $5 $5 76 8.0% (0.22%)
ALS $44 $39 $48 $49 $52 $52 - -
Alzheimer's Disease $503 $504 $562 $589 $910 $910 115,766 -
Alzheimer's Disease including Alzheimer's Disease Related Dementias (AD/ADRD) 2/ $0 $0 $0 $631 $991 $991 - -
Alzheimer's Disease Related Dementias (ADRD) 2/ $0 $0 $0 $120 $161 $161 - -
American Indians / Alaska Natives $170 $160 $166 $181 $190 $190 - -
Anorexia $14 $11 $11 $10 $10 $10 114 -
Anthrax $84 $70 $67 $53 $56 $56 - -
Antimicrobial Resistance $377 $325 $277 $310 $413 $413 - -
Anxiety Disorders + + + $156 $163 $163 - -
Aphasia $24 $24 $24 $25 $26 $26 1,510 -
Arctic $23 $19 $16 $14 $14 $14 - -
Arthritis $258 $231 $239 $214 $222 $222 - 22.5% (0.33%)
Assistive Technology $237 $220 $228 $246 $258 $258 - -
Asthma $229 $207 $241 $281 $289 $289 10,022 7.4% (0.20%)
Ataxia Telangiectasia $11 $11 $8 $7 $8 $8 8 -
Atherosclerosis $477 $374 $375 $386 $402 $402 33,892 -
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) $60 $49 $44 $41 $43 $43 47 8.9% (0.39%)
Autism $192 $186 $188 $208 $216 $216 202 2.2% (0.18%)**
Autoimmune Disease $867 $821 $822 $821 $850 $850 - -
Basic Behavioral and Social Science $1,215 $1,172 $1,234 $1,610 $1,683 $1,683 - -
Batten Disease $4 $5 $5 $5 $6 $6 - -
Behavioral and Social Science $3,682 $3,535 $3,688 $3,762 $3,924 $3,924 - -
Biodefense 3/ $1,791 $1,692 $1,746 $1,736 $1,866 $1,866 - -
Bioengineering $3,498 $3,234 $3,329 $3,540 $3,697 $3,697 - -
Biotechnology $6,089 $5,698 $5,889 $6,018 $6,281 $6,281 - -
Bipolar Disorder + + + $80 $83 $83 - -
Brain Cancer $281 $280 $289 $298 $310 $310 16,358 0.1% (0.02%)
Brain Disorders $3,968 $3,708 $3,894 $3,916 $4,108 $4,108 - -
Breast Cancer $800 $657 $682 $674 $699 $699 50,427 1.4% (0.08%)
Burden of Illness $84 $72 $73 $80 $82 $82 - -
Cancer $5,621 $5,274 $5,392 $5,389 $5,652 $6,332 647,318 8.5% (0.21%)
Cannabidiol Research + + + $9 $9 $9 - -
Cannabinoid Research + + + $111 $115 $115 - -
Cardiovascular $2,040 $1,964 $1,950 $1,991 $2,072 $2,072 1,413,654 -
Cerebral Palsy $42 $18 $21 $20 $21 $21 3,012 0.3% (0.07%)**
Cervical Cancer $112 $98 $116 $99 $103 $106 4,527 1.0% (0.10%)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease $13 $11 $14 $14 $14 $14 - -
Child Abuse and Neglect Research $32 $30 $30 $27 $28 $28 - -
Childhood Leukemia $77 $67 $105 $155 $161 $167 - -
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) $5 $5 $5 $6 $7 $7 16 -
Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis $288 $282 $293 $295 $307 $307 64,634 -
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease $101 $102 $107 $97 $100 $100 278,919 6.2% (0.18%)
Climate Change 12/ $8 $8 $6 $7 $7 $7 - -
Climate-Related Exposures and Conditions 14/ $157 $137 $131 $150 $154 $154 - -
Clinical Research $10,951 $10,604 $11,087 $11,366 $11,867 $11,867 - -
Clinical Trials and Supportive Activities 17/ $3,208 $3,155 $3,221 $3,136 $3,266 $3,266 - -
Colo-Rectal Cancer $302 $281 $271 $309 $321 $331 60,024 0.5% (0.05%)
Comparative Effectiveness Research $597 $559 $610 $587 $611 $611 - -
Complementary and Alternative Medicine $493 $380 $367 $337 $348 $348 - -
Conditions Affecting the Embryonic and Fetal Periods 15/ $165 $151 $175 $200 $204 $204 - -
Congenital Structural Anomalies $0 $0 $0 $404 $420 $420 - -
Contraception/Reproduction $448 $408 $394 $424 $434 $434 - -
Cooley's Anemia $20 $15 $18 $15 $16 $16 - -
Cost Effectiveness Research $78 $82 $70 $175 $182 $182 - -
Crohn's Disease $76 $61 $65 $66 $69 $69 1,762 -
Cystic Fibrosis $86 $78 $77 $80 $83 $83 582 -
Dementia $0 $650 $704 $721 $753 $753 - -
Dental/Oral and Craniofacial Disease $516 $480 $483 $493 $512 $512 - -
Depression $429 $415 $396 $390 $406 $406 14,992 -
Diabetes 4/ $1,061 $1,007 $1,011 $1,010 $1,044 $1,044 245,016 9.3% (0.20%)
Diagnostic Radiology $1,090 $1,079 $1,078 $1,272 $1,320 $1,320 - -
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) $3 $1 $1 $1 $1 $1 - -
Digestive Diseases $1,719 $1,575 $1,607 $1,684 $1,754 $1,754 - -
Digestive Diseases - (Gallbladder) $11 $10 $9 $8 $8 $8 5,775 -
Digestive Diseases - (Peptic Ulcer) $20 $19 $15 $16 $16 $16 6,085 6.7% (0.18%)
Down Syndrome $20 $18 $18 $24 $25 $25 2,083 0.2% (0.04%)
Drug Abuse (NIDA Only) 5/ $1,052 $993 $1,018 $1,016 $1,051 $1,051 - -
Duchenne/ Becker Muscular Dystrophy $34 $33 $32 $30 $32 $32 - -
Dystonia $14 $13 $12 $14 $15 $15 175 -
Eating Disorders 6/ $34 $31 $30 $31 $32 $32 219 -
Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis + + + $27 $28 $28 - -
Emergency Care + + + $122 $128 $128 - -
Emerging Infectious Diseases $2,153 $1,804 $1,930 $2,053 $2,200 $2,200 - -
Emphysema $20 $24 $27 $28 $29 $29 16,352 1.4% (0.08%)
Endometriosis $9 $7 $7 $10 $11 $11 28 -
Epilepsy $156 $129 $154 $138 $145 $145 4,806 -
Estrogen $221 $218 $203 $194 $201 $201 - -
Eye Disease And Disorders Of Vision $841 $774 $824 $779 $815 $815 - -
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy $5 $5 $7 $8 $9 $9 - -
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome $32 $33 $34 $32 $33 $33 14 -
Fibroid Tumors (Uterine) $14 $10 $9 $10 $10 $10 78 -
Fibromyalgia $13 $11 $10 $8 $9 $9 537 -
Food Allergies $31 $36 $35 $39 $41 $41 - 5.4% (0.28%)**
Foodborne Illness 7/ $257 $229 $232 $105 $109 $109 - -
Fragile X Syndrome $27 $30 $36 $38 $40 $40 48 -
Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) $26 $32 $37 $36 $37 $37 1,237 -
Gene Therapy $256 $226 $253 $238 $248 $250 - -
Gene Therapy Clinical Trials $15 $15 $26 $23 $24 $24 - -
Genetic Testing $255 $272 $231 $161 $167 $167 - -
Genetics $7,632 $7,144 $7,324 $7,480 $7,826 $7,879 - -
Global Warming Climate Change $6 $6 $4 $4 $4 $4 - -
Headaches $24 $25 $24 $24 $25 $25 - -
Health Disparities 8/ $2,740 $2,722 $2,734 $2,825 $2,952 $2,952 - -
Health Effects of Household Energy Combustion + + + $14 $14 $14 - -
Health Effects of Indoor Air Pollution + + + $103 $106 $106 - -
Health Services $1,317 $1,262 $1,342 $1,437 $1,500 $1,500 - -
Heart Disease $1,278 $1,230 $1,224 $1,262 $1,314 $1,314 1,160,624 11.5% (0.23%)
Heart Disease - Coronary Heart Disease $468 $404 $421 $426 $444 $444 530,989 6.0% (0.17%)
Hematology $1,091 $1,020 $1,189 $1,217 $1,264 $1,264 - -
Hepatitis $210 $195 $251 $262 $273 $273 - 2.5% (0.10%)
Hepatitis - A $2 $2 $3 $4 $4 $4 76 -
Hepatitis - B $51 $48 $48 $42 $43 $43 1,837 -
Hepatitis - C $112 $101 $111 $96 $100 $100 19,613 -
HIV/AIDS 9/ $3,074 $2,898 $2,978 $3,000 $3,000 $3,000 8,619 -
Hodgkin's Disease $21 $13 $14 $16 $16 $16 1,553 -
Homelessness $10 $11 $14 $15 $16 $16 - -
Homicide and Legal Interventions $1 $0 $0 $1 $1 $1 - -
HPV and/or Cervical Cancer Vaccines $26 $25 $38 $31 $32 $32 - -
Human Fetal Tissue 11/ $71 $67 $76 $80 $84 $84 - -
Human Genome $2,271 $2,473 $2,701 $2,891 $3,025 $3,025 - -
Huntington's Disease $65 $55 $50 $39 $39 $39 1,257 -
Hydrocephalus $7 $6 $5 $6 $6 $6 - -
Hyperbaric Oxygen $2 $1 $2 $3 $3 $3 - -
Hypertension $215 $222 $216 $214 $222 $222 410,624 26.4% (0.33%)
Immunization $1,733 $1,656 $1,607 $1,617 $1,669 $1,669 - -
Infant Mortality + + + $75 $78 $78 - -
Infant Mortality/ (LBW) $287 $253 $268 $293 $302 $302 - -
Infectious Diseases $3,867 $4,887 $5,002 $5,032 $5,249 $5,249 - -
Infertility $74 $78 $76 $72 $73 $73 - -
Inflammatory Bowel Disease $121 $114 $125 $128 $134 $134 2,922 -
Influenza $251 $304 $262 $280 $285 $285 5,590 -
Injury - Childhood Injuries $37 $37 $35 $39 $41 $41 - -
Injury - Trauma - (Head and Spine) $171 $183 $216 $197 $208 $208 - -
Injury - Traumatic brain injury $79 $88 $87 $93 $99 $99 - -
Injury - Unintentional Childhood Injury $22 $20 $22 $23 $24 $24 - -
Injury (total) Accidents/Adverse Effects $366 $367 $404 $399 $418 $418 - -
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD) 15/ $355 $343 $356 $382 $397 $397 - 5.8% (0.30%)**
Interstitial Cystitis $10 $10 $9 $10 $11 $11 24 -
Kidney Disease $556 $551 $549 $564 $586 $586 - 1.9% (0.09%)
Lead Poisoning $8 $8 $7 $7 $8 $8 1 -
Lewy Body Dementia + + $15 $15 $16 $16 - -
Liver Cancer $73 $71 $74 $85 $89 $89 26,794 0.1% (0.02%)
Liver Disease $632 $594 $605 $616 $642 $642 121,243 1.4% (0.08%)
Lung $1,286 $1,230 $1,329 $1,619 $1,678 $1,678 - -
Lung Cancer $233 $208 $254 $349 $362 $362 164,882 0.3% (0.03%)
Lupus $108 $92 $99 $90 $93 $93 3,114 -
Lyme Disease $25 $20 $23 $24 $25 $25 63 -
Lymphoma $213 $233 $251 $270 $281 $281 26,450 0.3% (0.04%)
Macular Degeneration $101 $98 $82 $82 $85 $85 649 -
Major Depressive Disorder + + + $95 $99 $99 - -
Malaria $152 $147 $169 $163 $171 $171 14 -
Malaria Vaccine $40 $34 $36 $44 $46 $46 - -
Mental Health $2,287 $2,174 $2,213 $2,263 $2,381 $2,381 - -
Methamphetamine $69 $68 $63 $58 $60 $60 - -
Migraines $18 $19 $20 $20 $20 $20 - 14.9% (0.28%)
Mind and Body $533 $210 $211 $217 $226 $226 - -
Minority Health 8/ $2,487 $2,428 $2,514 $2,538 $2,653 $2,653 - -
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) $10 $8 $6 $6 $6 $6 75 -
Multiple Sclerosis $115 $112 $102 $94 $98 $98 5,982 -
Muscular Dystrophy $75 $76 $78 $77 $80 $80 1,171 -
Myasthenia Gravis $7 $7 $8 $7 $7 $7 1,513 -
Myotonic Dystrophy $10 $10 $9 $9 $10 $10 - -
Nanotechnology 12/ $456 $430 $409 $364 $381 $381 - -
Networking and Information Technology R&D 12/ $532 $521 $612 $729 $764 $764 - -
Neuroblastoma $34 $33 $37 $32 $33 $33 - -
Neurodegenerative $1,671 $1,619 $1,743 $1,662 $1,744 $1,744 - -
Neurofibromatosis $18 $17 $21 $22 $23 $23 300 -
Neurosciences $5,618 $5,340 $5,580 $5,742 $6,041 $6,041 - -
Nutrition $1,692 $1,524 $1,555 $1,574 $1,631 $1,631 - -
Obesity $836 $812 $857 $900 $931 $931 37,548 28.9% (0.38%)
Organ Transplantation $150 $140 $142 $148 $154 $154 - -
Orphan Drug $809 $764 $809 $785 $817 $817 - -
Osteoarthritis + + + $76 $79 $79 - -
Osteogenesis Imperfecta $9 $8 $11 $11 $11 $11 102 -
Osteoporosis $181 $164 $141 $146 $151 $151 8,601 -
Otitis Media $17 $14 $16 $15 $16 $16 70 -
Ovarian Cancer $147 $133 $131 $118 $123 $123 15,236 0.4% (0.07%)
Paget's Disease $1 $0 $0 $1 $1 $1 162 -
Pain Conditions - Chronic $396 $402 $402 $391 $406 $406 - 28.7% (0.36%)
Pain Research $479 $475 $499 $463 $481 $481 - -
Pancreatic Cancer $127 $125 $123 $174 $181 $181 42,215 -
Parkinson's Disease $154 $135 $139 $146 $152 $152 39,565 -
Patient Safety $845 $858 $1,008 $861 $897 $897 - -
Pediatric $3,612 $3,266 $3,486 $3,632 $3,766 $3,766 - -
Pediatric AIDS 9/ $219 $188 $166 $166 $168 $170 - -
Pediatric Cancer + + $276 $342 $355 $355 - -
Pediatric Research Initiative $379 $258